Get Adobe Flash player

About Gasification

Gasification is a process where materials such as wood, corn cobs, coal, cow manure, peach-pits, and other dried biomasses are reacted (burned).

The process takes place in a device called a gasifier or gas producer, which can range in size, shape, and design, depending on application or design year.

Instead of burning fast and bright like a campfire, the fuel in the gasifier has limited oxygen and separates the combustion of the fuel in multiple stages. The lack of oxygen and slow burn rate encourage the fuel to release flammable gases like methane, carbon monoxide, and hydrogen.

 

Yes that's right, Hydrogen.Many of us think of hydrogen fuel as a new technology, but in reality its origins can be found as far back as the seventeenth century.

Nonflammable gases such as carbon dioxide and nitrogen are also released. The syngas is then treated, and treatment methods vary depending on use. Typically the syngas is filtered, cooled, and moisture content is condensed out, but the order in which this is executed varies. The cleaned syngas can then be used in a number of ways:

- ICE (internal combustion engine), possibly installed in an automobile or electrical generator
- Gas Turbine, predominantly used for medium to large power plants
- Open flame, possibly used for cooking or heating appliance.